Mexico City, Mexico - Politicians who want to change Mexico’s marijuana policies must face an uncomfortable reality: An overwhelming majority of this country’s population opposes the legalization of weed.
A poll published last week, however, does offer some good news to those who would prefer a less prohibitionist stance towards the herb. It suggests that 65 percent of Mexicans favor the legalization of marijuana for medical use. Only 29 percent of the country’s residents oppose medical marijuana, according to the poll which was conducted in August.
The findings come as Mexican politicians discuss new approaches to marijuana policy. Current laws strictly prohibit the sale and production of the plant.
In Mexico City, the local legislature has held several hearings on marijuana policy this summer, with some officials backing plans to legalize cannabis clubs, where the herb could be grown and smoked, for recreational purposes.
Meanwhile in the Mexican Congress, a group of legislators has drafted a bill that would regulate the production and sale of marijuana. The bill would also allow Mexicans to buy weed at state-sanctioned distributors, or grow up to four plants at home.
Congressman Fernando Belaunzaran, who is leading efforts to get this bill approved, says that legalizing marijuana would reduce the incomes of drug cartels who currently traffic the drug and are responsible for the much publicized violence in Mexico.
"To take that market away from them, would be a big hit on their finances. They are only as strong as their resources," Belaunzaran told the Mexican press.
But Belaunzaran’s argument does not seem to fly too well with most Mexicans.
In polls conducted over recent years by different firms, at least 75 percent of Mexicans have said they oppose the legalization of weed, while support for legalization hovers between 10 to 20 percent of the population.
The poll that was published last week seems to confirm these findings. It asked people if they would support the legalization of marijuana for recreational use, and only 10 percent of respondents agreed.
Polls suggest that Mexicans oppose legalization because they think it will lead to greater consumption of the drug. In last year's poll conducted by Parametria, a public opinion and marketing research firm located in Mexico City, 64 percent of respondents said that legalization would lead to greater consumption of marijuana amongst kids.
Still, such opposition might not necessarily block efforts to legalize weed. In Uruguay, legislators recently approved a bill that regulates the sale, consumption, and production of marijuana, even though polls showed that only 25 percent of the country’s population was in favor of the law.In that country though, marijuana legalization was strongly backed by the country’s president, José Mujica. In Mexico, President Peña Nieto has said that he is against the legalization of weed, although he also believes that the subject should be up for debate.