Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico - Though officially celebrated on the third Monday of November, (which this year falls on the 21st,) November 20, 2016 marked the 106th anniversary of the beginning of the Mexican Revolution, a period of change for the people of Mexico - and a time to remember and enjoy the freedom that was brought about by Mexico's revolutionaries.
|This video was created by the Instituto Nacional de Estudios Historicos de las Revoluciones de Mexico for the 2010 centennial celebration of the Mexican Revolution.|
Several groups, led by revolutionaries including Francisco Madero, Pascual Orozco, Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata, participated in the conflict.
Francisco I. Madero, who started the Revolution and became president, was overthrown by Victoriano Huerta, who in turn was overthrown by a coalition which then broke up into warring factions.
Pancho Villa, the "Centaur of the North," and Emiliano Zapata, leader of the "Liberation Army of the South," were the two most colorful revolutionary leaders. They've also made the deepest impression on the collective psyche of the Mexican people.
Pancho Villa was defeated in 1915 at Celaya, the biggest battle of the Revolution, by Alvaro Obregon. (Even though Obregon won, Villa is much more famous today.)
After the Carranza/Obregon faction triumphed over the Villa/Zapata alliance, a new constitution was drafted under Venustiano Carranza's leadership in 1917. It's still in use, though with many amendments.
Throughout Mexico, there are streets and monuments named for the various heroes of the Mexican Revolution, principally Madero, Zapata, Villa and Carranza, and Mexican schools teach its importance, as it was not only a significant example of simple people's ability to fight a structure internally for a true change, but is also an reminder that all people have the right to be free from oppression of any kind.
Thus, El Día de la Revolución is a time of celebration with music, (especially Mariachi, which became the symbol of the Revolution because it represented the national spirit of the indigenous Mexican blood,) parades, and cultural activities in cities throughout Mexico.
Puerto Vallarta commemorated the beginning of the Mexican Revolution on Sunday, November 20, 2016 with the city's traditional civic parade, which featured 34 contingents from local schools, civil associations and government agencies. As they marched along the Malecón, the contingents' synchronized and choreographic movements not only entertained the crowds, but also expressed the feelings and emotions of this important day in Mexico's history.Today, as we celebrate the National Holiday here in Puerto Vallarta, banks, government offices and about half of the businesses in town will be closed. We wish all of our readers, wherever they may be, a happy Mexican Revolution Day!